COHEN, STANLEY

COHEN, STANLEY
COHEN, STANLEY (1922– ), U.S. biochemist and Nobel Prize laureate. Cohen was born in Brooklyn, New York. After studying at Brooklyn College (B.A., 1943) and Oberlin College (M.A., 1945), he received his Ph.D. in biochemistry from the University of Michigan in 1948. From then until 1952 he worked at the University of Colorado. Cohen then proceeded to Washington University in St. Louis in 1952 where he was a fellow of the American Cancer Society. There he worked with Dr. Rita Levi-Montalcini\>\> and they isolated the protein which is recognized as the nerve growth factor (NGF). In 1959 Cohen moved to Vanderbilt University as an assistant professor of biochemistry, where he discovered epidermal growth factor (EGF), which oversees cell development in the skin. In 1986 he shared the Nobel Prize with Levi-Montalcini for physiology and medicine for having "opened new fields of widespread importance to basic science with these discoveries." Cohen remained at Washington University until 1967 when he became a professor of biochemistry at Vanderbilt University. He was an American Cancer Society research professor in 1976 and in 1986 a distinguished professor. He was a member of the National Academy of Science. He and Dr. Levi-Montalcini were also the co-recipients of the 1986 Lasker Award. -ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: Le Prix Nobel. COHEN, STANLEY N. COHEN, STANLEY N. (1935– ), U.S. geneticist. Cohen was born in Perth Amboy, New Jersey. He graduated from Rutgers University with a degree in biology and as an M.D. from the Pennsylvania School of Medicine (1960). After research training at the National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, he joined the faculty of Stanford University (1968), where his appointments included chairman of the Department of Genetics and then professor of genetics and medicine and director of the S.N. Cohen Laboratory. His early research dealt with the ability of plasmids to alter the properties of the bacteria they colonize, a subject of fundamental importance to the development of antibiotic resistance. His pioneering research interests involved isolating, cloning, and propagating mammalian genes in other species, including bacteria (also known as recombinant technology). This work laid the foundation for biotechnological techniques enabling the production of large quantities of pure proteins for diagnostic and medicinal purposes. His many honors include the Lasker Award (1980), the Wolf Prize (1981), the Albany Medical Center Prize (2004), election to the U.S. National Academy of Sciences and National Medals in both Science and Technology. (Michael Denman (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Cohen, Stanley — ▪ American biochemist born Nov. 17, 1922, Brooklyn, New York, N.Y., U.S.       American biochemist who, with Rita Levi Montalcini (Levi Montalcini, Rita), shared the 1986 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for his researches on substances… …   Universalium

  • Cohen , Stanley — (1922–) American biochemist A native New Yorker, Cohen was educated at Brooklyn and Oberlin colleges and at the University of Michigan, where he was appointed teaching fellow in the department of biochemistry in 1946. He moved to the University… …   Scientists

  • Cohen, Stanley — ► (n. 1922) Bioquímico estadounidense. Fue premio Nobel de Medicina y Fisiología en 1986, compartido con Rita Levi Montalcini, por sus investigaciones sobre los factores de crecimiento celular. Desde 1976 es miembro de la American Cancer Society …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Stanley Cohen — Cohen , Stanley …   Scientists

  • Stanley Cohen — Naissance 17 novembre 1922 Brooklyn, New York (États Unis) Nationalité …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Stanley Cohen (sociólogo) — Stanley Cohen es un profesor emérito de Sociología en la London School of Economics. Escritor destacado en criminología, es conocido por acuñar el término pánico moral en su estudio de 1972 (Folk Devils and Moral Panics) sobre la reacción social… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Stanley Cohen — (* 17. November 1922 in Brooklyn, New York, USA) ist ein US amerikanischer Neurowissenschaftler und Biochemiker. Cohen wurde als Sohn aus Russland ausgewanderter Juden geboren. Sein Vater war ein …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Stanley Cohen (bioquímico) — Stanley Cohen. Stanley Cohen, es un bioquímico estadounidense nacido en Brooklyn, Nueva York, el 17 de noviembre de 1922. Estudió Química y Medicina en la Universidad de Míchigan. Trabajó durante varios años en el laboratorio de investigación de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Cohen — Cohen, Herman Cohen, Leonard Cohen, Marcel Cohen, Paul Joseph Cohen, Stanley * * * I (as used in expressions) Brandes, Georg (Morris Cohen) Samuel Cohen Judy Cohen Elizabeth Cohen II o kohen ( …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Stanley G. Cohen — Dr. Stanley G. Cohen is the President of Five Towns College located in Dix Hills, NY on Long Island. He has served as President since the college was chartered in 1972. He founded the Dix Hills Performing Arts Center which is located at the… …   Wikipedia

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